Nowadays, 97 out of 100 people feel anxious every now and then. It is common and normal emotion. For instance, sometimes you may feel nervous when faced with a problem at work, before making an essential decision, or before taking a test. 

Anxiety can be caused by physical and mental conditions, the impact of drugs or the combo of these. For people who are having constant fear and worry and overwhelming can be disabling. But with the help of treatment, many people can easily manage those things and get back to their normal life.  

Anxiety disorders are distinct, though. These disorders are a group of distress and mental illness which cause can keep you away from carrying on with your normal life easily. 

Stress plays an important role in anxiety problems. Major life events like the sudden loss of income, property, etc. can cause anxiety attacks which somehow called panic attacks. The small everyday stressors like traffic jams, unending text messages or emails, standing in long lines at the supermarket can help in increasing the effects of anxiety. 

For such reasons, it is essential to discover any anxiety triggers that you may have. Recognizing your triggers is a crucial step in managing them. Keep reading the article to know about the types of anxiety, symptoms and its causes. 

Types of anxiety disorders

Anxiety disorder is a term that includes various conditions: 

Social anxiety disorder: This disorder is also known as social phobia, this happens when you feel self-conscious and overwhelming worry about everyday social situations. In this disorder, a person always fixates about others judging him/her or on being ridiculed or embarrassed.   

Panic disorder: This is one of the most common anxiety disorders in which a person feels the terror that strikes at random. You may have chest pain, panic attack, sometimes you may feel irregular or unusual strong heartbeats (known as palpitations). Sometimes you may feel like you are having a heart attack or choking. 

Generalized anxiety disorder: In this disorder, a person may feel excessive, tension and unrealistic worry with little or no reason. 

Specific phobias: This is the phobia in which a person may observe intense fear of a specific object or situation like flying or heights. 

Symptoms of Anxiety

Below are the most common symptoms of anxiety: 

  • fear
  • uncontrollable worry
  • insomnia or difficulty in sleeping
  • a fast heartbeat
  • physical discomfort
  • difficulty concentrating
  • restlessness
  • tingling
  • irritability
  • feeling on edge

If you observe the above symptoms regularly for more than six months then you may have generalized anxiety disorder. But, there are other types of anxiety exist whose symptoms are different than a generalized anxiety disorder. For instance, in panic disorder you may observe: 

  • sweating
  • shaking
  • trembling
  • a feeling of throat closing
  • palpitations or a rapid heartbeat  

Causes of anxiety

  • Heart disease or problems can cause anxiety. One-third of the people experience symptoms of anxiety like shortness of breath and palpitations of breath after a heart attack. They are mostly observed in women. 
  • Drugs and alcohol have a strong link with drugs and alcohol. The combo of alcohol, drugs and anxiety can become a vicious cycle.
  • Caffeine can also be one of the causes of anxiety. Anxiety and caffeine can make you feel nervous and jittery.
  • Some medicines have ugly side effects, they can cause anxiety attack or leads to an anxiety symptoms. 
  • Supplements for weight loss can cause anxiety.

Final thoughts

Having a certain type of personality that makes people more disposed to anxiety than others. Like many health conditions, anxiety also appears to run in families. Genetics play a major role in who creates anxiety and who does not. But now anxiety is a highly treatable mental health condition.

Occasional anxiety is normal, but if you worry too much or suffer from severe anxiety then it is important to consult with a mental health specialist about this. A mental health specialist can aid you in finding out the best treatment plan that eases your anxiety symptoms and also helps you to cope with anxiety triggers.