Men and women both have some similar health issues, but some health problems affect women more commonly and differently at various stages of life. Most of the women’s health issues are undiagnosed and most of the drug trials are unable to cure female test subjects. Moreover, women endure exclusive health concerns like cervical cancer, breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, etc. Even women suffer from severe heart attack deaths in compared to men. Anxiety and depression are caused more frequently in women. There are other serious health issues such as sexually transmitted diseases cause more harm to women, urinary tract situations present more often in women.
Have a look at some common health problems in women and their preventions that can help in reducing the risk of developing these problems.
It is the most common problem that affects both men and women, but sometimes its symptoms are different in women that can go unrecognized. Some of the most common symptoms of heart attack in women are discomfort, pressure or some type of pain in the chest, but these are not that much severe or most prominent symptoms. In fact, some women suffer a heart attack with little or no chest pain.
Instead, below symptoms can also be the sign of heart attack:
- Shortness of breath
- Nausea or vomiting
- Shoulder, neck, jaw, upper or back abdominal pain
- Dizziness or Lightheadedness
- Unusual fatigue
These symptoms may cause when asleep or resting, so if you experience such symptoms then this is the sign that you may have a heart attack. And if you ignore or downplay these symptoms then it can become irreparable.
In terms of heart disease, there are many other traditional risk factors occurs like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and obesity that can affect both men and women. Besides these, there are some other factors that cause harm to women such as:
- Mental stress and depression
- Inflammatory conditions
- Menopause, or Pregnancy complications
To make several changes in lifestyle can reduce the risk that is associated with the above factors, including;
- Exercising regularly
- Avoiding saturated or trans fats, added sugars and high amounts of salt
- Quitting, or not smoking
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Eating a healthy diet that includes fruits & vegetables, whole grains, low-fat or fat-free dairy products and lean meats
It is one of the most common forms of Cancer found in women. The earlier it is detected, the more treatable it is. So, it is crucial for the women age of 40 to do regular checks and consult with a doctor about it. It is also important to educate yourself about the breast cancer and its common risk factors such as:
- Too much alcohol
- Genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2
- The family history of breast cancer
By following below suggestions you can reduce its risk factors;
- Exercising regularly
- Controlling your weight
- Limiting alcohol
- Quitting or not smoking
- Avoiding exposure to radiation and environmental pollution
Osteoporosis is common in women as they have lower bone density than men so they tend to lose bone mass rapidly with age.
The roots of Osteoporosis developed in childhood and adolescence, that is the duration when your body does the bone building. Generally, women gain their peak bone mass around the age of 18 and on the other hand, men reach around 20. When you reach 30, your bones are fully stocked and the body will continue to replace old bone cells and there will be no increment in bone mass past that point.
Many of the common health issues in women and Osteoporosis are influenced by the hormone estrogen. Mainly estrogen helps to regulate your reproductive cycle and simultaneously plays a role in keeping bones healthy and strong. When women experience a drop in estrogen with menopause at the same time they experience Osteoporosis and bone loss.
But you can take the following actions to improve and maintain your bone health at every stage of life.
- Maintaining proper vitamin D levels in the body
- Reducing your intake of salt
- Ensuring adequate calcium intake
- Specific and regular exercise
- Avoiding soft drinks
- Eating vitamin K-packed leafy vegetables such as kale
The women behavior developed in their adolescence, childhood and adult years play a vital role in the development of the diseases. Our body will do what it can to repair the bone damage but we need to provide the necessary tools for it to do so.
Depression is another disease that more often found in women than men. It has been proved in studies that one of the six Australian women experience depression at some time in their life. Even, Anxiety is also common in women during their lifetime.
Women experience anxiety and depression conditions at any time but are more likely in the duration of pregnancy and the childbirth year.
The symptoms of anxiety and depression include:
- Loss of interest or pleasure in activities
- An ongoing sad and anxious mood
- Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
- Irritability, restlessness or persistent crying
- Loss of appetite/weight loss or overeating/weight gain
- Sleeping problems – oversleeping or insomnia
- Feelings of worthlessness and hopelessness
By recognizing the sign and understanding the risk and symptoms of anxiety and depression, you can help both others and yourself. Below are some self-help ways to stay away from depression and anxiety.
- Connecting with people by finding a local support group
- Exercising regularly
- Having regular ‘me’ time
- Praise yourself for small steps forward
- Accepting the things you can’t change
- Looking for the positives in life
It is very important for every woman to keep the knowledge of each and every health issue, not only about her reproductive system, but about all aspects of her body.